(a) Cervical cancer; does not appears abruptly; the normal cervical cells gradually develop pre-cancerous changes and later turn into cancer. The precancerous changes and early stage of cervical cancer can be detected by Pap smear. This is the second commonest cancer in Malaysian women (National Registry Report 2003).
(b) Uterine cancer; also known as womb cancer, usually occurs after menopause. This usually presents with abnormal vaginal bleeding or bleeding after menopause. A minor dilation and curettage (D&C) procedure will confirm the diagnosis.
(c) Ovarian cancer; usually happens in women over 50 years of age. Ultrasound scan of the pelvis will help to detect it at early stage.